Bihar was always not what we see it now, it had rich culture and great heritage.It owns the pride of establishing one among the first democracies in the world called Lichhavi. The earliest university in the world was established in Bihar. The name Bihar is a derivative from Vihara, which means ‘monastery’. True to its name and its rich cultural heritage, the state houses various monasteries and it is famous for monuments belonging to various religions.
- Was established during the 5th century A.D.
- The university is considered the first residential university ever in the world.
- The university stands proof for the prominent role played by India in imparting knowledge.
- The university had 2000 teachers who taught over 10000 students from all parts of the world.
- Nalanda was destroyed by then Delhi Sultanate, Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1200 CE.
- It had a library that had 9 million manuscripts stored, after it was burnt it took 3 months to burn down into ashes.
- The Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya lies 115 km south of the state capital of Bihar, Patna and 16 km from the district headquarters at Gaya
- This location marks the place where Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment.
- This is a major pilgrimage destination for Buddhists for over 2000 years.
- The Mahabodhi Temple Complex is the first temple built by Emperor Asoka in the 3rd century B.C
- It is one of the earliest Buddhist temples built entirely in brick.
- It is considered to have significant influence in the development of brick architecture over the centuries.
- The present Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya comprises the 50 m high grand Temple, the Vajrasana, sacred Bodhi Tree and other six sacred sites of Buddha’s enlightenment.
- The Bodhi tree at the Mahabodhi Templeis called the Sri Maha Bodhi.
- Bodhi Tree is located about 100 km from Patna.
- Buddha achieved enlightenment under this tree and hence it is a pilgrim centre for Buddhists who hail from all parts of the world.
- He meditated without moving from his seat for straight 7 weeks under this tree.
- King Ashoka payed homage all his life to this tree and used to held festival every year during Kartika massam.
- Tissarakha, wife of King Ashoka, killed this tree by means of mandu thorns, but this tree grew again.
- After that also tree was cut down 2 more times but again a new tree was planted on that place.
- The place where it is situated has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- Muchalinda Lake is given the name after Shesh Naga, Snake King Muchalinda who protected Buddha during a storm while he was into the sixth week of meditation, all together Buddha was in meditation for 7 weeks.
- Muchalinda protected Buddha from the rising waves and in honor of his services; the place was named after him.
- The sculpture depicts the hood protecting Buddha who is in the state of meditation on snake coil.
- The greenery around the lake makes it the most frequented tourist spot in Bodh Gaya.
- The boundary around the lake has tales inscribed in the rocks.
- The beauty of lake is best at night as the place is decorated with light giving the place a relishing experience.
- Griddhakuta Peak is famously known as The Vulture Peak.
- It is named so because it resembles a vulture sitting with its wing folded.
- This is located in Rajgir, it is frequented by vultures in great numbers.
- This was one of the several sites frequented by Lord Buddha himself along with his disciples.
- Buddha delivered some of his famous sermons here and hence it is considered sacred for Buddhists.
- You can visit this place via foot.
- And for those who find the trip physically challenging, chairlift facilities are availableto reach the hilltop.
Rajgir Hot Springs
- Hot springs in Rajgir are famous tourist spots. Located at the foot of Vaibhava Hills,.
- The springs get their water from seven streams known as Saptadhara, which is believed to be originated from Saptaparni Caves.
- The hot springs are considered to possess medicinal properties and after having a dip you will feel calmed and relaxed.
- Among the hot springs, Brahmakund spring is the hottest and has a temperature of 450 Celsius.
- It is believed that Lord Buddha and Mahavira had bathed in these hot springs.
- The ancient fort situated in Buxar along the Ganges River was constructed in 1054 AD.
- The carvings found in the fort offer amazing views and the construction of the fort is outstanding.
- While you are here, do not miss some of the tourist attractions nearby, which include Gauri Shankar Temple and Nath Baba Temple.
- Situated in the town of Rajnagar near Madhubani in Bihar, the palace was built in the 17th century A.D. by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh of Darbhanga.
- It suffered extensive damage caused by an earthquake in 1934, and sadly wasn’t rebuilt after.
- Situated near the kamala riveris a marble temple of the goddess kali, and it’s still widely visited, another temple of the goddess Durga forms an integral part of the palace, and is still in operation, also known as the Rajnagar palace complex, it’s one of the major tourist attractions in Mithila and people come to visit all year round.
Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall
- Built in memory of the famous Chinese scholar and traveler Hieun Tsang, the construction is rich in architecture. Hieun Tsang spent more than 12 years in this place on his visit to India.
- This was the place where Hieun Tsang learnt yoga under the guidance of Acharya Shil Bhadra.
- The famous traveler has thrown light on medieval India and Nalanda, which are found in the memorial hall.
Jal Mandir Temple
- Jalmandir Temple is situated in the middle of a lake, which is full of lotuses.
- King Nandivardhan, who was the elder brother of Lord Mahavira is said to have constructed the temple.
- The temple is in the shape of a Vimana.
- The place where Lord Mahavira attained Samadhi and the place he was cremated are marked in the temple.
- The 600 fit long bridge made of stone connects the temple to the banks of the pond.
- Patna Museum was constructed in 1917.
- The building is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture, it is one of the most popular places in Patna.
- The museum houses archaeological objects, paintings, sculptures and images by artists belonging to Hinduism and Buddhism.
- The museum also has a 200 million old fossil of a tree.
- You will find the museum to provide information on the culture and tradition of the place.
I’m an avid reader, a foodie, and a movie buff; who is passionate about the positivity around us. I love to dream and convert those dreams into words. At one moment I’m inside a shell and the very next moment I’m the ferocious one. Dynamism is my forte.
Apart from being a dreamer, I’m also a woman with a beating heart and a curious mind questioning traditional social norms. I’m a rebel at one moment and just opposite at the very next moment. My fuel is the smile of my son, the happiness of my family, and lots of coffee.
I’m also not ashamed of spending money on buying books and to fill my (always empty) stomach.