All You Need To Know About Chhath Puja
The word Chhath means sixth it is performed on the sixth day of the month of Kartika according to the Hindu calendar. Devotees worship the sun and his wife Usha on this on this occasion, who is popularly known as Chhati Maiya.
While the exact origin of Chhath puja remains undefined and ambiguous, some believe it dates all the way back to the Hindu epics, Mahabharata and Ramayana:
The story is:
Mahabharata– Surya Putra Karna was the person to start the worship of Lord Sun. he was the son of Lord Sun and Kunti so this was his way to offer prayings to his father.
Ramayana– When Lord Rama returned Ayodhya after the Lanka Kand, Diwali was celebrated after few days of Diwali. Rama and Sita together worshipped Lord Surya and they only had food after the dawn of the next day, from then this festival is celebrated.
Apart from its religious facts, Chhath Puja is the only festival in which all the rituals have some scientific reasons behind that, taking dips in water and exposing oneself to the sun increases the flow of bioelectricity that improves the overall functionality of the human body. The whole process of this festival works as a detoxicating agent for the body.
Once a family starts performing Chhath Puja, it is their duty to perform it every year and to pass it on to the following generations. The festival is skipped only if there happens to be a death in the family that year. The prasad offerings include sweets, kheer, thekua and fruits, offered in a small bamboo bowls. The food is strictly vegetarian and it is cooked without salt, onions or garlic. Emphasis is put on maintaining the purity of the food.
It’s a four-day festival-
- Nahae Khay – on this day the one who is going to fast only eats food after taking bath.
- Kharna – On this day the fast continues till evening and in evening kheer made with jaggery and roti is eaten, it’s the prasad, and also the prasad is distributed among others.
- Pehli (Sandhya) Argh – On this day the sun is worshipped in the evening during the time when it sets, and the fast is of whole day and night you cannot drink water also.
- Dusri Argh – The sun is worshipped at dusk, and the festival ends.
What makes Chhath a festival to cherish is the fact that in this busy schedule of today this is the one festival in which families have an agenda to meet together no matter in which part of the world they live.
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